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China's Military Diplomacy - Heads and Tails of China

China's security strategy has transformed a ton since the mid-1990s. Presently, it adjusts more to worldwide norms. The nation became vivacious through practical methodology. This Yuan has strong connections all over the planet.

An Illustration on China's Military Diplomacy

Illustration by The Geostrata

It is associated more with Southeast Asia, Focal Asia, Europe­, Africa, and South America. This occurred as the US was generally involved. There were military moves in Afghanistan and Iraq, a major battle against psychological oppression, and the 2008 monetary emergency. This gave China more space to internationally fortify its impact. As an emerging power, China presents both potential and hazard for every other person, including the Asia-Pacific zone and the US.

China is getting even more impressive in world and neighborhood security. This allows Beijing to meet its security objectives after some time. It could upset nearby harmony and lead to clashes with other neighborhood powers. With China's new security strategy, the degrees of hazard are high. 


China's public guard strategy is protective and spotlights on defending sway, security, and improvement interests. The intention is to control animosity, keep up with political security and safeguard oceanic freedoms. China practices its power by building foundations on the South China Ocean Islands and the Diaoyu Islands, sending guard abilities, and watching the East China Ocean. China is focused on settling questions through talks with different nations and local nations.

It likewise expects to stick to the standards of "serene reunification" and "one country, two frameworks" to determine the Taiwan issue and accomplish total public reunification. China has never sent off a conflict or struggle in a long time since its establishment and has deliberately diminished the quantity of warriors in Individuals' Freedom Armed force by multiple million.

China's military key rules for the new period depend on the standards of protection, self-preservation, and post-assault reaction, and present dynamic guard. The reason for the military is to comply with the Party's general technique and direct public safety.


The Chinese military is focused on fortifying its tactical status and battle abilities to manage security dangers. With a guard center, they tackle the force of individuals' conflict through imaginative procedures to facilitate numerous spaces. The objective of China's communist modernization drive is to construct a strong public guard and a solid military.

The essential objectives are to accomplish motorization by 2020, to accomplish exhaustive modernization of military hypothesis, hierarchical designs, military staff, and weapons and hardware by 2035, and to incorporate individuals' military into an elite armed force by the center of the 21st hundred years.

China's safeguard is key for making a typical future. It advances shared, widely inclusive, agreeable, and enduring security. It represents equity and joins in reshaping worldwide security. China's protection system connects with military discretion, yet it additionally ventures into different nations forthe development and security. It pursues its own expectations to make itself a main world player.


China has a clear clause to respect the border and sovereignty of the nation in their Defense Policy, but when we look at Aksai Chin and constant issues faced by India in the region of Arunachal Pradesh, it clearly states that China plays a double role when it comes to empowering themselves.

China has been using salami-slicing tactics to occupy contested territory and offer a fait accompli to India, causing tensions between the two nations. The People's Republic of China (PLA) and the Indian Tibetan Border Force (ITBP) have frequently clashed along the highly contested Himalayan border, with the latest standoff occurring in the Western Sector in the Aksai Chin area. This strategy involves making small and incremental encroachments into India's territory that don't escalate into war but give Beijing a strategic advantage.

The latest conflagration is occurring along three sections of the Indo-Tibet border, which India claims is part of Kashmir but is occupied by China. The situation on the ground is highly tense and volatile, with no official explanation provided by either country.

The series of visits along the LAC over the last decade speaks to a broader trend in China's strategy of revisionism, expansionism, and hegemony.

Despite several high-profile summits between India and China, there is no official explanation for the escalation of the situation. Both countries are preparing for a long standoff by bringing heavy equipment and artillery and increasing their troop strength. A long-term solution to this continued conflict is highly unlikely, as the India-China rivalry encompasses territorial conflict and strategic competition.


The People's Liberation Army (PLA) aims to transform from a mechanized and partially informatized force to a completely informatized force by 2050. This transformation is complex and depends on guidance and strategic direction from military and political leaders, followed by repeated experimentation and proof of concepts.

The PLA's long-term planning and budgeting are aligned with China's FYP, which drives acquisition and force development programmatic execution and lends the framework for benchmarking progress over time. Chinese military and political leaders often express broad goals using FYP time frames, such as the 1990s directive to make progress on mechanization over about ten years.

Key modernization efforts have included developing an integrated "system-of-systems" approach, focusing on C2, adopting a joint service/combined arms approach, and emphasizing the full spectrum of operations (air, sea, land, space, and cyber).

The full military modernization targeted for 2050 will be completed because the PLA succeeds in constructing information system-based system-of-systems operational capabilities. These capabilities are encompassed in China's interpretation of joint operations, which it terms Integrated Joint Operations (IJO), which focus on the development of joint command organizations with integrated command networks to enable rapid combat decision and execution.


India perceives China as a powerful neighbor, with contrasting developmental paths and a changing outlook. The country sees China as a strategic concern, while the business community sees it as an opportunity. Both countries depend on resources for development, shaping their mutual perceptions. India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, believed in friendship between India and China, but faced disappointment with a conflict in Tibet.

There are many theories by the researchers that say how India should tackle this, Dragon. Some believe that China is a long-term threat, and the Sino-Pakistan nuclear/missile nexus is of greater immediate concern. Believing that economic progress should be the key factor in bilateral relations, as intensifying trade and commerce would raise China's stakes in its relationship with India and bear on Beijing's ties to Pakistan and South Asia.

Researchers acknowledge the gap between China's rhetoric and reality and see the need for robust defenses to guard against future power projection once China reaches the pinnacle of its economic and military power. They believe that India and China can learn to co-exist with each other's aspirations, as they share common interests in maintaining regional stability, exploiting economic opportunities, and maintaining access to energy sources, capital, and markets. They advocate for a "balanced engagement" strategy, aiming to be secure against its neighbor and manage relations with other great powers.

On the contrary , some believe "trade over security" and the notion of joint Sino-Indian management of Asian security as irrational. They believe that India and China are likely to come into conflict as their capabilities, ambitions, and influence grow. They believe that India needs to ensure that the overall military balance of power does not tilt in China's favor, especially in air, naval, nuclear, and space capabilities.

Some also believe that China is no danger, it is some policymakers who have created a huge notion among people just to have the essence of nationalism and when a nation cannot match the status of another nation, they use these tactics to ensure the support of their people.


When looking deep from history up now, China seems like a clear danger to India, arguing that only Indian military power and a containment-cum-encirclement strategy will hold Beijing in check. India must take the lead in forming an alliance of China-wary countries along China's periphery, focusing on containment and encirclement.

India must take a leaf out of China's book and counter China's alliances with "India-wary countries," such as Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Burma.

They also favor an Indian naval presence in the South China Sea to counter Chinese naval presence in the Indian Ocean. India and China are likely to come into conflict as their capabilities, ambitions, and influence grow. We need to ensure that the overall military balance of power does not tilt in China's favour, especially in air, naval, nuclear, and space capabilities.

There is no single solution to resolve the tension between India and China. Most importantly if the nation wants to resolve the problem between themselves is the sole question. The Shimla Convention to the G20 held in India probably gives the answer that China always wants to play a slow game, where they seem to lose but from a longer view, they are always the winners and a step ahead to become the global leader




1 Comment

Adhitya B
Adhitya B
Mar 11

We need to realise that China's economic weight is supported by it's military might.

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